Identification of Magnolia Trees
A Magnolia tree is one of the most beautiful trees and especially when it is in bloom. Its big white flowers contrast with the dark greens of the leaves. In spring the new growth is a bright green color while the older leaves turn dark green to hunter green colors. The smell of the pink, red or white flowers is unique and very sweet. How do you know if the tree you have in your yard is a Magnolia? What care do you need to give it?
Identifying the Magnolia
There are several types of magnolia trees. The southern variety is a large slow-growing tree, known for its white petal flowers and sweet smell. These trees are generally found in southern states such as Mississippi and Louisiana. The magnolia is also the state flower of those two states. The trees are considered an evergreen or in some case a deciduous. Due to their shallow root systems, growing grass under a magnolia tree is nearly impossible. They drop leaves all year long. However, they are strong trees and cold resistant. They grow up to 40 feet across and 40 feet tall and their roots take up much yard/garden space. The timber of the magnolia tree is thick and hard. It has been used for furniture building for centuries. It should be planted where it can get full sun. Regular watering will help the tree grow, although do not over water. A fertilizer rich in iron and sulfur is good for the tree. The best planting time is at the end of summer.
The deciduous Magnolia
Trees that have a tulip shaped flower are deciduous or cold hardy. Although at times, frost can damage their blooms in early spring. This variety likes well-drained fertile and slightly acidic soil. They do not like salty spray or high winds. They are often called tulip trees because their flowers resemble a tulip. Their leaves are waxy.
Planting and Pruning
You should choose a planting site carefully because once these trees are planted they are very hard to move. The soil should be rich and somewhat acidic. After first planting, try to keep mulch over the root area at least for a while. Do not over fertilize. The trees are susceptible to salt damage. For pruning the deciduous, it should be done before the spring growth. For the evergreen, it should be pruned after blooming.